Nouvelles publications

Nouvelles publications

2 février 2016

La (dés)organisation et les dynamiques identitaires du mouvement skinhead au Québec

Samuel Tanner, Aurélie Campana (professeure) et Clémentine Simon ont écrit un chapitre dans l’ouvrage Les réseaux criminels.

Si l'expression « réseau social » fait son apparition dans le langage populaire en même temps que les Facebook, LinkedIn et autres plateformes d'échange, le concept est présent dans les sciences sociales depuis au moins les années 1930. De fait, les premières applications formelles de techniques d'analyse des réseaux sociaux (ARS), notamment dans les travaux sur les prisons et les maisons de réforme, sont apparues à la fin des années 1990. Elles connaissent depuis une croissance exponentielle et très prometteuse. Le but de cet ouvrage n'est pas d'expliquer les grands principes de l'ARS, mais plutôt d'en appliquer les concepts et la méthodologie à l'étude du crime et des délinquants. Dans cette perspective, les textes de spécialistes de diverses disciplines - criminologues, certes, mais aussi politologues, psychologues et mathématiciens - et de membres de corps policiers apportent une contribution importante pour qui doit appréhender la complexité, elle aussi toujours grandissante, de réseaux criminels de plus en plus « branchés ».

 

Explaining the Muslim Brotherhood’s Rise and Fall in Egypt

Jean-François Létourneau (étudiant à la maîtrise en science politique) a publié un article dans Mediterranean Politics.

The fall of the Mubarak regime during the 2011 Egyptian Revolution came as a surprise to scholars of Middle Eastern politics (Gause, 2011). A regime that had been hitherto considered a paradigm of authoritarian resilience collapsed under the dual pressures of seemingly spontaneous mass demonstrations and lack of elite cohesion, the military having apparently turned against regime survival at a crucial moment. The Supreme Council of the Armed Forces’ (SCAF, the highest military body in Egypt, whose purpose is to co-ordinate strategic operations in times of war) subsequent decision to hold elections opened up the political landscape, with both legislative and executive power up for grabs. The results are well known. The Muslim Brotherhood’s (MB) newly formed Freedom and Justice political party (FJP) and its allies from the Democratic Alliance voting bloc obtained a plurality of seats in the parliament. Months later, the Freedom and Justice candidate, Mohammed Morsi, was elected president of Egypt, only to be overthrown by the military one year later, in the midst of massive demonstrations calling for his resignation.

 

Political Science in Motion

Ramona Coman et Jean-Frédéric Morin (professeur) ont co-dirigé un ouvrage aux éditions de l’Université de Bruxelles.

This book examines recent developments in political science research. What are the new influences to which the discipline opens itself up? Is political science research converging towards a single model or splitting into different streams? What are the new challenges at the beginning of the 21st century? By addressing these questions, this collection of essays discusses three interrelated topics: the relationship between political science and the problems of politics, the relationship between political science and other fields of research, and the transformation of the profession. In so doing, this volume traces the major trends in contemporary political science research since the end of the Cold War.

As part of this approach, the authors rely on the academic journals as a field of investigation. Each of the eight chapters focuses on a different journal, including the American Political Science Review, West European Politics, the British Political Science Review, Security Dialogue, the Journal of Common Market Studies, International Security, Electoral Studies and the Revue française de science politique.

The book is intended to scholars with an interest in the historiography of political science, the epistemology of knowledge, the sociology of the profession as well as the evolution of the field in terms of research agendas, theoretical approaches and methodological debates.

 

A process evaluation accompanying an attempted randomized controlled trial of an evidence service for health system policymakers

Michael G. Wilson, Jeremy Grimshaw, R. Brian Haynes, Steven E. Hanna, Parminder Raina, Russell Gruen, Mathieu Ouimet (professeur) et John N. Lavis ont publié un article dans Health Research Policy and Systems.

We developed an evidence service that draws inputs from Health Systems Evidence (HSE), which is a comprehensive database of research evidence about governance, financial and delivery arrangements within health systems and about implementation strategies relevant to health systems. Our goal was to evaluate whether, how and why a ‘full-serve’ evidence service increases the use of synthesized research evidence by policy analysts and advisors in the Ontario Ministry of Health and Long-Term Care as compared to a ‘self-serve’ evidence service.

 

Portrait of rural emergency departments in Québec and utilization of the provincial emergency department management Guide: Cross sectional survey

Richard Fleet, Julien Poitras, Patrick Michel Archambault, Fatoumata Korika Tounkara, J-M. Chauny, Mathieu Ouimet (professeur), Josée Gauthier, Gilles Dupuis, Alain Tanguay, Jean-Frédéric Levesque, Geneviève Simard-Racine, Jeannie Haggerty et France Légaré ont publié un article dans BMC Health Services Research.

Rural emergency departments (EDs) constitute crucial safety nets for the 20 % of Canadians who live in rural areas. Pilot data suggests that the province of Québec appears to provide more comprehensive access to services than do other provinces. A difference that may be attributable to provincial policy/guidelines "the provincial ED management Guide". The aim of this study was to provide a detailed description of rural EDs in Québec and utilization of the provincial ED management Guide.

 

Études critiques de sécurité

Un nouveau numéro de la revue Études internationales vient de paraître. Jonathan Paquin (professeur) est directeur de la revue.

La mission de la revue est de rendre disponible à un public universitaire et non universitaire spécialisé des analyses scientifiques de phénomènes internationaux en langue française.

Il s'agit d'une revue pluridisciplinaire traitant des relations internationales, du développement international ainsi que des affaires et du commerce international. Elle accueille des articles de caractère analytique dans les diverses sciences sociales intéressées par les problèmes internationaux, notamment la science politique, la science économique, le droit, l'histoire, la géographie et la sociologie, l'anthropologie et la psychologie.

 

US transatlantic leadership after Iraq

Jonathan Paquin (professeur) et Philippe Beauregard (candidat au doctorat) ont publié un article dans Cooperation and Conflict.

This article explores whether the United States has been able to exert transatlantic leadership since its head-on diplomatic collision with several European capitals over the 2003 Iraq war. Considering that the decision to invade Iraq was made by the Bush administration, this article also explores whether there has been consistency between the Bush and Obama administrations over transatlantic leadership. To answer these questions, this article reports on a computer-assisted content analysis of the 415 official statements issued by the core transatlantic allies, namely the United States, France, and Britain, in response to four major crises that have occurred in the Middle East and North Africa in the post-Iraq era.

Jonathan Paquin (professeur), Justin Massie et Stéphane Roussel ont publié un article dans Le Devoir.

S'il faut en croire un grand nombre d’experts, les rapports internationaux sont maintenant dictés par une multipolarité émergente, c’est-à-dire par une multiplication des puissances économiques et politiques (comme la Chine, l’Inde et la Russie), dans laquelle les États-Unis demeurent un État très influent, mais dont la puissance est en déclin.

 

Serving Nunavimmiut: Policies and Programs Adapted to the Reality of Nunavik

Thierry Rodon a publié un article dans le rapport Québec Policy on the Arctic: Challenges and Perspectives

Nunavik faces many social challenges, compares poorly with other Québec regions on many socioeconomic indica-tors, and reflects the limited effectiveness of public policies. However, numerous regional and local initiatives are attempting to establish programs better suited to the culture and needs of its communities. Examples at the regional level include child care and midwifery services supported by Québec that function extremely well and improve the situation of Nunavimmiut. At the local level, initiatives such as the Unaaq Men’s Association and the Innavik Project are making an effort to address local needs. Programs like these, however, often receive little government support, despite their effective contribution to the well-being of communities

 

ASPA : un levier de sortie de crise économique pour l’Amérique du Sud

Mamadou Lamine Sarr (candidat au doctorat) a publié une chronique pour le Centre d'études interaméricaines

Les 10 et 11 novembre 2015, la capitale de l’Arabie Saoudite, Riyad, a accueilli la quatrième édition du sommet de l’Amérique du Sud et des pays arabes (ASPA). Lancé en 2005, l’ASPA constitue un important cadre de dialogue birégional sur différents sujets et un espace de coopération commerciale qui offre de nombreuses opportunités aux pays des deux régions. Les pays arabes disposent de capacités d’investissement dont les pays sud-américains ont besoin, et ces derniers sont de grands producteurs de produits agroalimentaires, qui représentent une grande partie des importations des pays arabes. Pour contrer la récession qui la frappe depuis 2010, l’Amérique du Sud aurait beaucoup à gagner à consolider ses relations commerciales avec les pays arabes et à attirer leurs investissements.

 

Krystel Wanneau (candidate au doctorat) a écrit un chapitre dans l’ouvrage Political Science in Motion. A Discipline through its Journals.

This book examines recent developments in political science research. What are the new influences to which the discipline opens itself up? Is political science research converging towards a single model or splitting into different streams? What are the new challenges at the beginning of the 21st century? By addressing these questions, this collection of essays discusses three interrelated topics: the relationship between political science and the problems of politics, the relationship between political science and other fields of research, and the transformation of the profession. In so doing, this volume traces the major trends in contemporary political science research since the end of the Cold War.